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Bhagavad-Gita:Chapters in Sanskrit

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(All 18 chapters in Sanskrit, Transliteration, and Translation.)

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Bhagavadgita in English

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Veeraswamy Krishnaraj: Tolerance with love is to speak in tongues of all faiths, hold in the heart the Truth of all faiths and see

all faiths in the face of humanity.

 

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The tuft is knowledge (Jnana). In Saiva tradition hair-tuft is the corporeal equivalent of Tirodhana or Veiling power of Siva, wherein Siva conceals Divine Knowledge and Grace until the soul sheds its impurities.  உலோகதருமினி (Lokadharmini) is a mode of initiation in which the hair tuft which represents the Veiling Energy is not removed for the worldly minded disciple. சிவதருமினி (Sivadarmini) is a mode of initiation accompanied by the removal of hair-tuft on the head, upon acquisition of spiritual knowledge. The area of the tuft on the head corresponds to Bindu center inside the head. Inside Bindu, Moon secretes Amrta or nectar. This nectar comes down from Bindu Visarga and has its origin in Sahasrara Chakra, the abode of Cosmic Consciousness. The Universal Pure Consciousness becomes dilute as it  comes down and individual consciousness takes shape in Bindu Visarga. Between Bindu and Vishuddha Chakra, there is a repository for the nectar in the vicinity of nasopharynx. This nectar should not be mistaken for postnasal drip. This reservoir, Lalana Chakra or Talumula is stimulated by the long tongue (Khechari Mudra) that folds back into the nasopharnx and can occlude the Ida and Pingala Nadis (posterior Choanae-opening in the back of the notrils). The stimulation helps the Lalana Chakra empty the nectar into the Vishuddha Chakra, which processes the nectar and separates the pure form from the poison. The pure form promotes health, longevity, and regeneration of the body. Vishuddha Chakra neutralizes the poison. Khechari Mudra involves folding back of the tongue released from its anterior anchor by cutting the frenulum at the bottom of the tongue and pulling the tongue over many months to elongate it so that it can fold back and reach the openings at the back of the nose. This Mudra helps the tongue taste the nectar from the Bindu Visarga and Lalana reservoir. Yogis say that they can live on air and nectar.

An auspicious procedure in Saiva tradition is wearing one bead on the tuft, thirty on the head, 50 around the neck, 16 around the arm on each side, 12 around each wrist 500 on the shoulders 3 strings of 108 beads each worn as the sacred thread. He who wears all these 1000 beads and performs rites punctiliously is worthy of worship like Rudra.

Others say that Bindu exists in the back of the head (brain) which corresponds to the area of the head where the Brahmins and Hare Krishnas keep their tuft of hair.

Tirumular (●Verses 230-233) states that thread and tuft do not make a Brahmana. True Brahmana wears Vedanata as his thread and his knowledge as tuft.  They, who are devoid of pure wisdom, lack control over senses, remain spiritually bankrupt and vacuous of devotion, and fail to grasp the Truth, are mad fools and not Brahmanas. True and pure Brahmanas follow the path of neither Chit nor Achit, reach the Supreme Guruís (Siva) feet with guidance from earthly guru, give up all actions, rituals, rites, and ceremonies, and finally slip into Turiya state.  Those who chant the Vedas are the Pure Brahmanas. The Vedanta that flows out of the pure Brahmanas is pure and conducive to salvation. The true Brahmanas realize that Vedanta preached by others is deficient; it is mere ostentation.

 Tirumanthiram by Tirumular

230.
நூலும் சிகையும் நுவலிற் பிரமமோ
நூலது கார்ப்பாச நுண்சிகை கேசமாம்
நூலது வேதாந்தம் நுண்சிகை ஞானமாம்
நூலுடை அந்தணர் காணும் நுவலிலே.

230 Thread and Tuft Alone do not Make a Brahmin

Do thread and tuft alone prove the Brahmin state?

The thread, then, only a dark bond, the fine tuft, only tresses long;

The true thread Vedantam is, the sacred tuft wisdom proves

These the thread-Brahmins see in the sayings (of Vedas)

231.
சத்தியம் இன்றித் தனிஞானம் தானின்றி
ஒத்த விடயம்விட் டோ
ரும் உணர்வின்றிப்
பத்தியும் இன்றிப் பரன் உண்மை யின்றிப்
பித்தேறும் மூடர் பிராமணர் தாம் அன்றே.

231 Attributes of True Brahmins

Bereft of Truth and deprived of Wisdom

Bereft of sense control and spiritually vacuous

Bereft of devotion and devoid of supreme Truth

Ignoramuses laden with madness. Brahmins they are not.

232.
திருநெறி யாகிய சித்தசித் தின்றிக்
குருநெறி யாலே குருபதம் சேர்ந்து
கரும நியமாதி கைவிட்டுக் காணும்
துரிய சமாதியாந் தூய்மறை யோர்க்கே.

232 They Seek Samadhi State

The sacred Path neither Chit nor Achit is;

Because of Guru's way, they attain Guru state;

Actions and rites given up

Turiya Samadhi for the true Vedic Brahmanas.

233.
மறையோது அவரே மறையவர் ஆனால்
மறையோர்தம் வேதாந்த வாய்மையினால் தூய்மை
குறையோர்தல் மற்றுள்ள கோலா கலமென்று
அறிவோர் மறைதெரிந் அந்தண ராமே.

233 They Stand Firm in Vedanta Truth

The Vedic reciters are the Vedic Brahmana

The Veda reciters by their Vedic sayings become pure

Such  Vedists falter not in Vedanta's truth,

The deficient ones indulge in other ostentations

Such realizers knowing the Vedas are the Brahmanas.


 

When Mithuna (union) takes place between Sakti and Siva at Bindu in the body of the Yogi, nectar (Amrta) flows down and pervades all Chakras and gratifies the devatas (godlings, gods and goddesses) in each center with the resultant immersion of Yogi in Bliss. Bindu corresponds to the area of brain that underlies the tuft of a practicing Brahmana. This Mithuna is allegorized as follows: a married woman (Kundalini) takes the royal road (Susumna), makes periodic stops at the sacred places (Chakras), runs to embrace her Supreme Husband, Para Siva, after the last leg of her ascent, and causes nectar to flow from Sahasrara to Muladhara, appeasing all the resident Devatas in the chakras and immersing the Sadhaka in bliss. (Bindu is located approximately at the posterior fontanel area of the brain, which roughly corresponds to the site of origin of long tuft of hair (= குடுமி = kudumi) worn by the priestly Brahmins on the scalp.)